Welcome to the Botanarium

Our Botanarium is a fusion of botanical , taxonomic and morphological data on medicinal plants. Identification is the first stage in quality control when it comes to making herbal medicines and we welcome you to use this free resource to assist you in qualifying and confirming the plant species you have wildcrafted or purchased for medicinal use. This information is derived from over a decade of wildcrafting experience along with reputable herbal literature. See the references cited below for details. Check out our special offering below before you head on to the Botanarium data sheets. Enjoy!

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Our Botanarium monographs series begins with Issue #1 WILD covering really useful information about wildcrafting medicinals. Things that herbal medicine makers find really handy like dried daily doses, monographical features and herbal qualities. Yours to enjoy when you sign up to our email list!

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Taraxacum officinale

(Wigg) DANDELION

Geographic Distribution

Australia: East coast predominantly, NSW, VIC, TAS, WA. 

World: Medicinal species predominantly Northern hemisphere and Eastern Europe

Posology

Dried leaf: 9 – 30g daily. Dried root: 9 – 15g daily. Juice of Leaf: 4 – 8mL daily

Growth

Perennial. Full light, shade, 4 – 40deg C. Soil: well watered, loamy, can tolerate infertile soil

Therapeutic Preparations

Infusion, decoction, salad, crisps, oxymel, tincture, juice, salve, ointment, infused oil

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae
Phyla: Tracheophyta
Class: Angiospermatophyta
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Cichorioidiaea
Tribe: Lactuceae
Genus: Taraxacum
Species: officinale
Common name: Dandelion

Morphological Features

  • Flower:  Borne on long hollow pedicel, Capitulum (head) inflorescence with 2 rows of bracts underneath. Rich in nectar (sweet taste). Flower heads to 5cm diameter. Bright yellow ligulate florets. Stigma has two lobes. Develop into seed head 10 -1 5 days after blooming
  • Leaf: Deep green and simple. Serrated margins. Up to 40cm long. Tip of all lobes point to leaf base. Apex is round when young and spear shaped when mature. Short petiole or absent. Hairless, thin and silky soft. Basal rosette arrangement

  • Stem: short stem giving rise to long petioles and hollow, cylindrical pinkish pedicel

  • Fruit: Achenes 3 -4 mm long. Dry fruit. Cypsela contains pappus (a modified calyx) for wind dispersal. Achene is ribbed with sharp spines

Qualities

Leaf  is bitter and cool, root is bitter and cool with an after-effect of heat, flower is sweet. 

Parts Used

Root, stem, leaf, flower

Manufacture information can be found in our Botanarium Monograph #1 Wild ebook. Sign up to download above. 

Sonchus oleraceus

(L) SOW THISTLE

Geographic Distribution

Australia: All states and territories

World: Native to Europe and found throughout Europe, Americas, Africa and Australasia

Posology

Dried leaf: 20g daily. Dried root: 20 daily. Estimates. 

Growth

Annual, biennial. Light: Full light preferred. 7 – 35deg C. Soil: moist, potassium rich. 

Therapeutic Preparations

Infusion, decoction, salad, crisps, oxymel, tincture, juice

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae
Phyla: Tracheophyta
Class: Angiospermatophyta
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Lactuceae
Genus: Sonchus
Species: oleraceus
Common name: Sow Thistle, Milk Thistle

Morphological Features

  • Flower: Capitulum (head) inflorescence that grows in clusters. 2 rows of bracts underneath. Rich in nectar (sweet taste). Flower heads to 2.5cm diameter. Bright yellow ligulate florets. Stigma has two lobes. Flower base widens at maturity before fruiting 
  • Leaf: Thin in this species but there are prickly versions too. Round margins in young leaves becoming sharply lobed in maturity. Up to 35cm long and 12cm wide. Apex is round when young and sharp when mature. Alternate arrangement in maturity.

  • Fruit: Achenes 3 -4 mm long. Dry fruit. Cypsela contains pappus (a modified calyx) for wind dispersal. Much denser and full of pappus hairs compared to Dandelion. Achene is lightly ribbed

Qualities

Leaf  is bitter and cool, root is drying and cool, milk is extremely bitter and flower is sweet.

Parts Used

Root, stem, leaf, flower

Manufacture information can be found in our Botanarium Monograph #1 Wild ebook. Sign up to download above. 

Stellaria media

(L) CHICKWEED

Geographic Distribution

Geographical distribution:

Australia: Predominantly South-East Australia and WA. NSW, QLD, VIC, TAS.

World: Native to Europe, North Africa and North Asia. Naturalised  throughout North America.

Posology

Dried aerials: 3 – 15g daily

Growth

Light: part-shade in summer, full light in cooler seasons. Temperate areas. Moist soil preferred. Annual. 

Therapeutic Preparations

Infusion, food, salad, pesto, infused oil, cream, ointment, tincture, juice

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae
Phyla: Tracheophyta
Class: Angiospermatophyta
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Stellaria
Species: media
Common name: Chickweed

Morphological Features

  • Flower: Star-like flower with 5 petals (deeply lobed to look like 10). Cyme inflorescence. Sepals grow to 5mm wide. 3 – 5 stamen. Radially symmetrical. Flower grows to 10mm wide 
  • LeafSoft and herbaceous, green leaves, smooth surface. Entire margin. Up to 40mm long. Ovate shape, simple structure. Line of fine hairs along stem. Petiolate attachment at base of stem, sessile attachment at apex.

  • FruitSingle chambered ovary. Capsule type fruit full of plentiful seeds. Seeds are white and mature to light brown. Seeds to 1mm long. Seeds upon magnification look like barnacles (seeds pictured right and under magnification overleaf)

Qualities

Cooling, moistening. Taste is succulent and herbaceous.

Parts Used

Stem, leaf, flower

Manufacture information can be found in our Botanarium Monograph #1 Wild ebook. Sign up to download above. 

Galium aparine

(L) CLEAVERS, CLIVERS

Geographic Distribution

Australia: Predominantly NSW, VIC, TAS. 

World: Worldwide particularly North America, Europe, Asia and some parts of South America and Africa

Posology

Dried aerials 6 – 12g daily 

Growth

Light: full light not essential, part shade. Temperate conditions to  cool. Soil: well drained, loamy through to heavy soil. Annual. 

Therapeutic Preparations

Infusion, food, salad, pesto, beauty wash and toner, cream, tincture, juice

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae
Phyla: Tracheophyta
Class: Angiospermatophyta
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Galium
Species: aparine
Common name: Cleavers, Clivers

Morphological Features

  • Flower: White delicate flowers with 4 petals. Cyme inflorescence with 2 – 5 flowers per peduncle. 2 styles and 2 stigmas. Radially symmetrical. Flower grows to 10mm wide
  • Leaf: Lanceolate shape to slightly ovate. Up to 60mm long. Sessile attachment. Hairy on upper surface, hooked spines on lower surface. Scabrous margins. Tapered apex. Six nodes per leaf (whorl)

  • Fruit: Schizocarp fruit, with globular shape. Up to 4mm long. Covered with hooked bristles. Green when young and brown at maturity. Compression in the middle of the fruit. Seeds remain viable for up to 6 years

Qualities

Cooling and pungent

Parts Used

Stem, leaf, flower

Manufacture information can be found in our Botanarium Monograph #1 Wild ebook. Sign up to download above. 

Plantago lanceolata

(L) RIBWORT

Geographic Distribution

Australia: Predominantly NSW, VIC, TAS. 

World: Worldwide particularly North America, Europe, Asia and some parts of South America and Africa

Posology

Dried leaf: 6 – 12g daily.

Growth

Annual, biennial. Light: Full light or part shade. Temperate. Soil: low fertile okay, nitrogen-rich preferred, well drained

Therapeutic Preparations

Infusion, food, salad, crisps, infused oil, first aid, lotion and other topicals, tincture

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae
Phyla: Tracheophyta
Class: Angiospermatophyta
Order: Lamiales
Family: Plantaginaceae
Genus: Plantago
Species: lanceolata
Common name: Ribwort, Lesser Plantain

Morphological Features

  • Flower: White delicate flowers with 4 petals. Cyme inflorescence with 2 – 5 flowers per peduncle. 2 styles and 2 stigmas. Radially symmetrical. Flower grows to 10mm wide
  • Leaf: Lanceolate shape to slightly ovate. Up to 60mm long. Sessile attachment. Hairy on upper surface, hooked spines on lower surface. Scabrous margins. Tapered apex. Six nodes per leaf (whorl).
  • Fruit: Schizocarp fruit, with globular shape. Up to 4mm long. Covered with hooked bristles. Green when young and brown at maturity. Compression in the middle of the fruit. Seeds remain viable for up to 6 years.

Qualities

Leaf  is cooling and drying. 

Parts Used

Leaf, flower (food)

Manufacture information can be found in our Botanarium Monograph #1 Wild ebook. Sign up to download above.